For Michigan couples who are unable to have biological children, adoption is a beautiful way to grow a family. While prospective parents know they will have to deal with costs related to adoption, many are surprised at just how expensive the process is. Consider the following before you begin.
Three types of adoption
Adoption costs can vary greatly and depend on the type and the circumstances surrounding the child. Researching adoption is an important part of your journey to becoming an adoptive parent. The three major types of adoption are:
- Domestic adoption
- International adoption
- Foster-care adoption
For domestic adoptions, you can expect to spend between $15,000 and $45,000. Doing an independent adoption without the aid of an agency ranges at about $5,000 less expensive. Some agencies offer a sliding fee scale based on the parents’ income. The cost covers legal fees, travel and lodging, court fees and the birth mother’s medical and living expenses. International adoptions run between $20,000 and $50,000, with costs varying on the child’s country. Parents will incur the least expense when adopting a child from the foster care system, usually less than $3,000. These adoptions are the least expensive because the foster care system holds custody of the child until formal adoption.
Navigating the complex adoption world
Michigan law allows prospective parents to search far and wide, including interstate adoptions, so you’re not limited to children born in the state. Although foster care adoption is the least expensive route, you should remain aware that the state has specific rules for adopting foster care children, and some of those rules can be confusing.
Thoroughly research all three routes before beginning. Most likely, you’ll also spend more money than you think. If you’re considering adoption, make sure you set aside more than enough money to complete the process.